Essential Stadium Security Concepts
- Security Personnel Training
- Advanced Security Technologies and Equipment
- Zoned Security Operations Plan
- Refined Evacuation Protocols
- Data Analysis
Whether hosting a sporting event or megastar concert, stadium security measures must adapt to the stark reality of both large and small-scale threats. Security companies face unique challenges. Protecting stadium attendees requires dedication from field officers and high-tech surveillance equipment. Advancements in digital technology and criminal psychology have transformed the way stadium organizations approach, manage and prevent serious security threats.
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#1 – Dynamic Security Personnel Training
Even though digital technology continues to advance, specifically artificial intelligence, quality security officers are still the biggest line of defense against security threats. The average stadium employs a variety of security personnel, such as entrance screeners and inspection guards placed throughout the venue. Regardless of position, continued and updated training is the foundation of stadium safety.
The Command, Control, And Interoperability Center for Advanced Data Analysis works directly with the United States government to develop and execute safety protocol standards for stadiums. While the CCICADA focuses on both large and small tactics, security personnel training continues to be the most effective hurdle against a successful attack.
#2 – Advanced Security Equipment
Security organizations straddle the line of technology and human rights. Invasive tools, such as body scanners are often frowned upon by privacy advocates. However, following the 2015 terrorist attacks at a Paris stadium, it became clear modern stadiums require modern security technologies. CCICADA has discussed the use of advanced tools, such as handheld X-ray machines and social media monitoring algorithms, to prevent a repeat from the horrific Paris attacks. Along with WTMDs, also known as walkthrough metal detectors, security professionals believe more robust tools are needed. These include intrusion detection systems via CCTV, security drones and advanced communication systems.
#3 – Zoned Operations
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security details the importance of zoned operations for large stadiums and venues, which consists of a layered design of outer, middle and inner. During a security threat, the organization of each operating zone determines how quickly, safely and efficiently attendees exit and law enforcement agencies enter. Integrating a variety of monitoring tools and techniques, which include foot patrol and high-tech surveillance equipment, within each zone increases security via crowd control and increased security in more vulnerable areas.
#4 – Refined Evacuation Protocol
During a large or small-scale attack, stampeding crowds pose just as much of a threat as the actual terroristic attack. Vibrating with panic, fear and self-preservation, crowds must be quickly and efficiently manipulated to safety. In an attempt to minimize injuries due to evacuation, CCICADA recommends developing a thorough plan based on stadium sections, security personnel locations, crowd disbursement techniques and infrastructure capacity for sheltering attendees.
#5 – Leverage Data Analysis Reports
The continued integration of digital technologies in the personal and professional lives of Americans offers significant insights for security, according to CCICADA. Statistical analysis of data gathered from stadiums around the country identified areas of weakness in terms of security coverage and the impact specific protocols had on attendees, such as long screening lines and congested walkways. Data may also be used to understand the eratic behavior often experience during an evacuation. Studying this information allows stadium security organizations an opportunity to refine their approach, tactics and tools for a greater efficiency.
No matter how hard government officials and law enforcement agencies work to eradicate threats, modern stadiums are primary targets. However, terrorism isn’t the only player in this game. Natural disasters and unforeseen infrastructure failure pose an equally significant risk. Thankfully, the majority of venues in the United States follow these stadium security measures to help protect the most precious event: life.